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What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a medical condition characterized by a person's sensation that he/she or his/her environment is moving or spinning. The sensation of movement is called subjective vertigo whereas the perception of movement in surrounding objects is called objective vertigo. Vertigo is often associated with problems in the brain or the inner ear. The causes of vertigo can be classified into central (involves the brain) causes and peripheral (involves the nerves) causes. The most common causes of vertigo are peripheral that involve the inner ear. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most common form of vertigo and is characterized by the sensation of motion initiated by sudden head movements or moving the head in a certain direction. Vertigo may also be caused by labyrinthitis (inflammation within the inner ear), which is characterized by the sudden onset of vertigo and may be associated with hearing loss. 

Medical Specialties and Clinical Interests

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Vertigo?

Signs and symptoms of Vertigo may include:

  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Ataxia
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Have balancing difficulties
  • Have speaking difficulties
  • Having the sensation that your surroundings are constantly moving and spinning
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

What Causes Vertigo?

Possible causes of Vertigo are:

What Increases the Risk of Vertigo?

The risk of Vertigo increases when you/your:

What Complications Can Vertigo Cause?

Vertigo may result in the following complications:

  • More prone to injury

How Can You Prevent Vertigo?

Vertigo can be prevented if you/your:

  • Control your daily salt intake
  • Limit your cholesterol intake
  • Maintain a healthy blood pressure
  • Quit smoking

What Treatments are Available for Vertigo?

Treatments and management of Vertigo may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Canalith Repositioning
  • Corticosteroids
  • Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy
The information provided on this website is solely for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not substitute the need for professional medical care. If you have or suspect that you may have any health problem, you should consult a a physician or healthcare professional immediately.
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