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Telogen Effluvium

What is Telogen Effluvium?

Telogen Effluvium is a medical disorder that is characterized by the sudden loss of a large amount of hairs. Scalp hairs typically grow for 3 years before they enter the resting phase (telogen), during which the hair root shrivels up and the hair falls out, but in Telogen Effluvium, hair prematurely enters the telogen phase (usually following physiologically or emotionally stressful events). The condition may be divided into acute and chronic types, with the acute resolving without intervention and the chronic persisting in a cyclical fashion. However, both types do not alter the overall thickness of hair or cause baldness. Telogen effluvium should be differentiated from hair shedding that result from drugs or toxins, which instead interrupt hair growth. The condition is harmless and signifies the growth of new hair, and treatments generally have no effect. However, avoiding harsh handling of one's hair or brushing can help.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Telogen Effluvium?

Signs and symptoms of Telogen Effluvium may include:

  • Abrupt hair loss on the scalp
  • Scalp pain
  • Thinning hair

What Causes Telogen Effluvium?

Possible causes of Telogen Effluvium are:

What Increases the Risk of Telogen Effluvium?

The risk of Telogen Effluvium increases when you/your:

  • Are a female
  • Are consuming Anticoagulants
  • Are consuming Anticonvulsants
  • Are consuming Antidepressants
  • Are diagnosed with Endocrine Disorder
  • Are diagnosed with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Are suffering from Contact Dermatitis
  • Are suffering from Hypothyroidism
  • Are suffering from Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Are under stress
  • Are undergoing a liquid/crash diet
  • Are using Oral Contraceptives
  • Have a family history of Telogen Effluvium
  • Have a poor diet
  • Have fever
  • Have frequent exposure to heavy metals
  • Have overexposure to the sun
  • Have recently recovered from a bacterial infection
  • Have recently recovered from a chronic illness
  • Suffer from iron deficiency

What Complications Can Telogen Effluvium Cause?

Telogen Effluvium may result in the following complications:

  • Emotional distress

How Can You Prevent Telogen Effluvium?

Telogen Effluvium can be prevented if you/your:

  • Avoid contact with heavy metals, such as arsenic, selenium and thallium
  • Maintain a balanced diet
  • Manage your stress well

What Treatments are Available for Telogen Effluvium?

Treatments and management of Telogen Effluvium may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Minoxidil
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