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Sudden Cardiac Arrest

What is Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Sudden Cardiac Arrest is a medical condition that is characterized by the sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, consciousness and finally the ability to breathe. It usually results from an electrical disturbance in the heart that affects its pumping action, preventing blood flow to other parts of the body. Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency as it can lead to sudden cardiac death when immediate medical treatment is not given within the first few minutes of cardiac arrest. Survival is possible with fast, appropriate medical care.

Medical Specialties and Clinical Interests

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Signs and symptoms of Sudden Cardiac Arrest may include:

  • Chest pain
  • Feel dizzy about an hour before occurrence
  • Feel nauseous about an hour before occurrence
  • Loss of consciousness
  • No heartbeat
  • Slow or stopped breathing (respiratory arrest)
  • Sudden collapse
  • Suffer a shortness of breath about an hour before occurrence

What Causes Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Possible causes of Sudden Cardiac Arrest are:

What Increases the Risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

The risk of Sudden Cardiac Arrest increases when you/your:

What Complications Can Sudden Cardiac Arrest Cause?

Sudden Cardiac Arrest may result in the following complications:

  • Lead to premature death

How Can You Prevent Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Sudden Cardiac Arrest can be prevented if you/your:

  • Abstain from alcohol
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a balanced diet
  • Quit smoking
  • Use Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator

What Treatments are Available for Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

Treatments and management of Sudden Cardiac Arrest may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Angioplasty
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
  • Defibrillation
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