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Postpartum Hemorrhage

What is Postpartum Hemorrhage?

Postpartum Hemorrhage, also known as PPH, is a medical condition characterized by the heavy, excessive bleeding from the vagina after childbirth. There are two types of PPH: Primary or Immediate PPH and Secondary or Delayed PPH. Primary PPH occurs when the bleeding starts within 24 hours of the baby's birth whereas secondary PPH is the bleeding that occurs after 24 hours, up to 6 weeks after giving birth. PPH is usually caused by insufficient uterine muscle contractions to constrict the blood vessels in the uterus, leading to excessive bleeding. Women suffering from endometritis (infection of the wall of the uterus) and retained placenta (a condition where the placenta remains in the uterus after the baby's birth) commonly have PPH. Immediate medical treatment must be given to stop the bleeding as PPH is a potentially life-threatening condition that may lead to complications, such as shock or even death.

Medical Specialties and Clinical Interests

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Postpartum Hemorrhage?

Signs and symptoms of Postpartum Hemorrhage may include:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding after birth
  • Hypotension
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Swollen vagina
  • Vaginal pain

What Causes Postpartum Hemorrhage?

Possible causes of Postpartum Hemorrhage are:

What Increases the Risk of Postpartum Hemorrhage?

The risk of Postpartum Hemorrhage increases when you/your:

  • Are diagnosed with Bleeding Disorder
  • Are of Asian descent
  • Are of Hispanic descent
  • Are pregnant with a large baby
  • Are suffering from Obesity
  • Are using Vacuum Extraction
  • Have given birth to Stillbirth baby

What Complications Can Postpartum Hemorrhage Cause?

Postpartum Hemorrhage may result in the following complications:

  • Lead to premature death
  • Shock

How Can You Prevent Postpartum Hemorrhage?

Postpartum Hemorrhage can be prevented if you/your:

  • Avoid the use of Episiotomy

What Treatments are Available for Postpartum Hemorrhage?

No known treatment is available for Postpartum Hemorrhage at this moment.

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