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Measles

What is Measles?

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a medical condition that is characterized by the presentation of flu-like symptoms, red eyes and patches of reddened rashes. Accompanying symptoms include transient spots that appear in the mouth, which are unique to measles. The condition is more common among below 2 years of age and is highly contagious, but has become relatively rare following widespread vaccination programs throughout the world. The prognosis is generally good with a good survival rate, but complications are relatively common, ranging from the relatively mild (such as diarrhea) to the very serious (such as acute encephalitis); complications are generally more severe in adults, the malnourished and the immunodeficient. Since it is very infectious, individuals with this condition should immediately consult a medical professional.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Measles?

Signs and symptoms of Measles may include:

  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Have a general feeling of discomfort or uneasiness (malaise)
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain (myalgia)
  • Runny nose (rhinorrhea)
  • Sensitive to light
  • Skin rashes
  • Suffer from Conjunctivitis
  • Suffer from Diarrhea
  • Swollen or dilated blood vessels on the white portion of the eye, which cause the eye to appear red (bloodshot eyes)

What Causes Measles?

Possible causes of Measles are:

  • Morbillivirus viral infection

What Increases the Risk of Measles?

The risk of Measles increases when you/your:

  • Are diagnosed with Leukemia
  • Are not vaccinated for this medical condition
  • Are pregnant
  • Are using Corticosteroids
  • Are younger than 2 years old
  • Come in direct contact with an infected individual
  • Have a weakened immune system
  • Have previously used Alkylating Agents
  • Suffer from malnutrition
  • Suffer from Vitamin A deficiency

What Complications Can Measles Cause?

Measles may result in the following complications:

How Can You Prevent Measles?

Measles can be prevented if you/your:

  • Avoid contact with people who are infected with this medical condition
  • Avoid sharing of personal items with an infected person
  • Go for measles vaccination
  • Maintain a balanced diet
  • Practice good personal hygiene

What Treatments are Available for Measles?

Treatments and management of Measles may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Analgesics
  • Antibiotics
  • Antipyretics
  • Antivirals
  • Immunoglobulin Therapy
  • Intravenous Therapy
  • Vitamin A Supplements
The information provided on this website is solely for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not substitute the need for professional medical care. If you have or suspect that you may have any health problem, you should consult a a physician or healthcare professional immediately.
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