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What is Hypotension?

Hypotension, also known as low blood pressure, is a medical condition that is characterized by a lower than normal blood pressure. For a normal, healthy adult, the blood pressure is around 120/80mmHg. People suffering from hypotension have a blood pressure of less than 90/60 mmHg, leading to symptoms of dizziness and fainting. In severe cases, low blood pressure can be life-threatening when not enough oxygenated blood is carried to the brain. There are many types of hypotension depending on the causes: Orthostatic Hypotension (a sudden drop in blood pressure due to standing up suddenly), Postprandial Hypotension (a sudden drop in blood pressure after eating) and Neurally Mediated Hypotension (low blood pressure from faulty brain signals due to miscommunication between the heart and the brain).

Medical Specialties and Clinical Interests

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Hypotension?

Signs and symptoms of Hypotension may include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Have difficulties concentrating
  • Increased thirst
  • Nausea
  • Pale skin
  • Rapid breathing
  • Syncope

What Causes Hypotension?

Possible causes of Hypotension are:

What Increases the Risk of Hypotension?

The risk of Hypotension increases when you/your:

What Complications Can Hypotension Cause?

Hypotension may result in the following complications:

How Can You Prevent Hypotension?

Hypotension can be prevented if you/your:

  • Avoid consumption of caffeine at night
  • Avoid sudden movements or position changes, such as standing up too fast from a sitting position
  • Control your daily salt intake
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Take small meals frequently
  • Wear Compression Stockings

What Treatments are Available for Hypotension?

Treatments and management of Hypotension may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Fludrocortisone Drugs
  • Midodrine Drugs
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