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Hemorrhagic Stroke

What is Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Hemorrhagic Stroke is a medical condition characterized by the rupture of one or more weakened blood vessels in the brain. Blood leaks from the burst vessel into surrounding brain tissue, accumulates and compresses surrounding brain tissue. Blood clots may also be formed and cut off blood supply to the other brain tissue. There are two types of hemorrhagic stroke depending on the location where the blood vessel bursts: Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Stroke (bleeding in the brain) and Subarachnoid Hemorrhagic Stroke (bleeding in the area between the brain and the thin layer of tissues that cover the brain). Hemorrhagic Stroke is a life-threatening condition as it tends to affect larger areas of the brain as compared to an ischemic stroke, causing greater impairment of bodily and brain functions, such as paralysis, loss of ability to speak and swallow memory loss and loss of intellect.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Signs and symptoms of Hemorrhagic Stroke may include:

  • Coma
  • Double vision (diplopia)
  • Have balancing difficulties
  • Have severe Headache
  • Have walking difficulties
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Show signs of Ataxia
  • Slurred or unclear speech
  • Weakness or numbness of the face, arm and leg on one side of the body

What Causes Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Possible causes of Hemorrhagic Stroke are:

What Increases the Risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke?

The risk of Hemorrhagic Stroke increases when you/your:

  • Are a smoker
  • Are a user of recreational drugs, such as cocaine, heroin and marijuana
  • Are an alcoholic
  • Are consuming Oral Contraceptives
  • Are currently undergoing Hormone Therapy
  • Are diagnosed with Cardiovascular Disease
  • Are diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus
  • Are diagnosed with Hypertension
  • Are older than 55 years old
  • Have a family history of Stroke
  • Have a personal history of Stroke
  • Have Bleeding Disorder
  • Lead a sedentary lifestyle

What Complications Can Hemorrhagic Stroke Cause?

Hemorrhagic Stroke may result in the following complications:

  • Behavioral changes, such as becoming more withdrawn, less sociable or more impulsive
  • Experience pain in many parts of the body
  • Have difficulties carrying out your daily activities
  • Have difficulties understanding concepts and making decisions
  • Have speaking difficulties
  • Memory loss

How Can You Prevent Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Hemorrhagic Stroke can be prevented if you/your:

What Treatments are Available for Hemorrhagic Stroke?

Treatments and management of Hemorrhagic Stroke may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Aneurysm Clipping
  • Aneurysm Embolization
  • Arteriovenous Malformation Surgery
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Speech Therapy
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