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What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease characterized by painful urination and abnormal discharge from the genital area. It is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae that is usually transmitted via contact with the mouth, vagina, penis or anus during sexual activities. People who engage in unprotected sex and have multiple sex partners are at a higher risk of gonorrhea. Symptoms usually appear 2-5 days after infection but men may present symptoms until a month later. Women usually present no symptoms as compared to men. Although gonorrhea affects mainly the genital area, it can also spread to other organs, such as rectum, eye, throat and joints, causing anal itching, eye pain, sore throat and joint pain. A baby may also suffer from gonorrhea when born to a mother who has this condition. Gonorrhea usually affects the eyes of the baby, causing symptoms, such as sensitivity to the eye and pus-like discharge from the eyes. People suffering from gonorrhea are usually treated with antibiotics. Prompt treatment is required as this condition can lead to other serious complications, such as pelvic inflammatory disease in women and kidney failure in men.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea?

Signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods
  • Eye pain
  • Increased vaginal discharge
  • Itching around the anus
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Painful urination (dysuria)
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pus-like discharge from the eyes
  • Pus-like discharge from the rectum
  • Pus-like discharge from the tip of the penis
  • Sensitive to light
  • Sore throat
  • Suffer from Dyspareunia
  • Swollen joints
  • Swollen testicle
  • Testicular pain

What Causes Gonorrhea?

Possible causes of Gonorrhea are:

  • Neisseria gonorrhea bacterial infection

What Increases the Risk of Gonorrhea?

The risk of Gonorrhea increases when you/your:

  • Are a user of recreational drugs, such as cocaine, heroin and marijuana
  • Engage in unprotected sex
  • Have multiple sex partners
  • Sexual partner has a history of Sexually Transmitted Disease

What Complications Can Gonorrhea Cause?

Gonorrhea may result in the following complications:

How Can You Prevent Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea can be prevented if you/your:

  • Abstain from sex
  • Avoid having multiple sex partners
  • Have protected sex
  • Pregnant women should seek prompt treatment of this medical condition to prevent spreading it to the baby during delivery

What Treatments are Available for Gonorrhea?

No known treatment is available for Gonorrhea at this moment.

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