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What is Cardiac Tamponade ?

Cardiac Tamponade is a life-threatening medical condition that is characterized by the compression of the heart due to excessive fluid in the pericardium (a double layered sac that surrounds the heart). The pressure exerted on the heart by the excessive fluid prevents the lower heart chambers (ventricles) from relaxing completely, causing less blood to fill the ventricles and get pumped out to the rest of the body. It is an emergency condition as without immediate medical intervention to drain the excess fluid out of the pericardium, it can cause the blood pressure to drop dangerously low and may eventually lead to shock and cardiac arrest.
The cause of Cardiac Tamponade is not known or still under medical review.
The risk of Cardiac Tamponade is not known or still under medical review.

Cardiac Tamponade may result in the following complications:

  • Lead to premature death
The prevention of Cardiac Tamponade is not known or still under medical review.

Treatments and management of Cardiac Tamponade may vary depending on the individual patient and the severity of the medical condition. Treatment options may include:

  • Pericardiocentesis
  • Oxygen Therapy
  • Thoracotomy

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